Safety cultures that either promote or impede occupational health and safety (OHS) are shaped by the interaction of factors in the social and physical working environments and individuals’ perceptions and behaviours. A good safety culture facilitates the implementation and maintenance of risk control measures.
Technical definitions of risk conceptualise it as a probabilistic expression of hazard potential in OHS1-3 . However, social meanings of risk in workplaces may be different and instead reflect the safety culture of the workplace. An exploration of the social meanings of risk in OHS is therefore an important contribution to understanding safety culture.