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IntroductionEven though the general health of people aged 15–65 is improving in Europe, public spending on disability benefits continues to rise. Many countries are facing an urgent need to tackle sickness and absenteeism. With an ageing workforce, this…
IntroductionThis article concerns early intervention where work is compromised by or aggravates a musculoskeletal problem. The sooner a musculoskeletal problem is managed, the less likely it is that it will lead to long-term work loss. Early healthcare…
IntroductionSickness absence costs UK employers £9 billion a year in sick pay and associated costs and the government spends £13 billion annually on health-related benefits.[1] Unnecessary absence is known to be harmful to an individual’s health and well…
IntroductionWorkplaces should prevent risks and promote good health. For those with an existing health condition (for example, a chronic disease) or disability, work should not make it worse. Accommodations at the workplace can be made to support their…
Introduction: What is lower back pain?According to Waddell & Burton (2000): “Most adults (60-80%) experience LBP [Low Back Pain] at some time, and it is often persistent or recurrent.  It is one of the most common reasons for seeking health care,…
IntroductionThe article will describe factors of influence on return to work RTW and evidence-based interventions that enhance return to work (RTW) after sick leave due to common mental health disorders (CMD). First the concepts of both RTW and CMD are…
IntroductionThe article will describe factors of influence on return to work RTW and evidence-based interventions that enhance return to work (RTW) after sick leave due to common mental health disorders (CMD). First the concepts of both RTW and CMD are…
IntroductionMusculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are one of the most common causes of disability, sick leave and early retirement. The natural course of MSDs varies over time and no single medical treatment has been shown to be very effective. A holistic bio…
IntroductionThis article will consider the health and safety risks for workers with disabilities with the focus on where these may be different to the risks faced by workers without disabilities. For the purposes of this article the European Agency for…
Scope of the articleThis article covers any problem that affects muscles, bones or joints and impacts on a person’s ability to work.  It may be caused or aggravated by work and then is often called a ‘work-related musculoskeletal disorder (work-related…