The shipping industry is in a way the first global industry. It is the link between nations and continents. The establishment of international co-operation and conventions has therefore a long history in the shipping industry.
The public, as well as others who use shipping services have the right to expect that the ship they board or which carries their cargo is safe and within the context of the voyage, seaworthy and otherwise fit for the purpose. Seafarers too have the right to expect that their ship is safe and they will not be exposed to danger or unacceptably high levels of risk