Our survey is a part of the Danish work environment surveillance system. In general the purpose of work environment surveillance is to reduce actual risk and inform policy development. Surveillance is part of a strategy to support all interested parties through the provision of adequate, relevant and reliable information. This information is made available at many different levels, be it for policy making, administrative, managerial and practical purposes. There is a vast literature that focuses on the need for surveillance of the working environment (for a comprehensive review see Brooke et al., 2006). One major source of impetetus in the area was the Third Ministerial Conference on Environment and Health, held in June 1999 in London, which emphasised the need for developing national indicators for occupational health systems (OHS) to support the design and follow-up of the implementation of appropriate national policies. In 2001, following the conference, the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health published a working paper on country profiles and national surveillance indicators in OHS and, in the process, clarified much of the debate and rationale for development of surveillance systems (Rantanen, 2001).
The Danish work environment surveillance system is tightly coupled to politically based initiatives and plans. A new plan, named “Action Programme – 2010” and focusing on health and safety activities, was launched in Denmark early in 2006 ,The goal is, within a four year period, to take action in relation to four problem areas: work accidents, musculoskeletal disorders, psychosocial working environment, and noise.
The main research objective of our study is to examine the relationships between organizational size, proactivity, working environment knowledge and safety climate attitudes. To test the relationships between these factors, we investigated the validity of measurements obtained with three different indices.