One of the most tangible negative impacts of work on working people is occupational trauma and disease. Such impacts are not a new phenomenon. Through history from the Stone Age to the Industrial Revolution working people have always been at risk of being injured, or even killed, while engaged in hunting-and-gathering, agriculture, dwelling construction, transportation of goods and people, handicraft, and industrial activities. Rural people in developing countries today, living in a traditional economy with limited exposure to ‘development’, in some ways represent the conditions of the past. They have high risks of injuries related to their agricultural work.